and Horizontal Gene Transfer – The GMO Connection
Graphic by CMOR
Barbara H. Peterson
This is not a sci-fi fantasy, it is real. Our personal DNA and the DNA of just about every living organism on the planet is being changed in ways that we cannot even imagine through the process of horizontal or lateral gene transfer, courtesy of the biotechnology industry and geo-engineering programs.
Horizontal gene transfer is the transfer of genetic material from one organism to another organism that is not its offspring; this is most common among bacteria.(http://www.biologyreference.com/knowledge/Population_genetics.html)
Horizontal gene transfer is used in laboratory-based genetic engineering, and also occurs naturally, within the confines of nature. When nature is in charge, certain things simply do not happen such as a tomato crossing with a fish. In the laboratory, using artificial horizontal gene transfer, anything goes.
Genetic engineering involves designing artificial constructs to cross species barriers and to invade genomes. In other words, it enhances horizontal gene transfer – the direct transfer of genetic material to unrelated species. The artificial constructs or transgenic DNA typically contain genetic material from bacteria, viruses and other genetic parasites that cause diseases as well as antibiotic resistance genes that make infectious diseases untreatable. (http://online.sfsu.edu/rone/GEessays/horizgenetransfer.html)
The results of these experiments are inherently unstable, and are being unleashed with no oversight into our food supply, and onto the world’s agricultural stage.
…genetic engineering in the laboratory is crude, imprecise and invasive. The rogue genes inserted into a genome to make a GMO could land anywhere; typically in a rearranged or defective form, scrambling and mutating the host genome, and tend to move or rearrange further once inserted. Transgene instability is a big problem, and has been so right from the beginning. There is fresh evidence that GM crops grown commercially for years have rearranged [15, 16] (http://www.i-sis.org.uk/MON810GenomeRearranged.php) (http://www.i-sis.org.uk/transgenicLinesUnstable2.php) This is a real opportunity to challenge the validity of all biotech patents. Another key issue is safety. Transgene instability means that the original transgenic line has turned into something else, and even if it had been assessed as ‘safe’, this is no longer the case. (http://www.i-sis.org.uk/GMDangerousFutile.php)
Lab-based horizontal gene transfer is completely foreign-to-nature. It creates genetic mutations arising from the unnatural melding of species that should never cross to begin with. Using an artificial process, genetic information is passed from one species to another that would not normally occur. Bacteria then horizontally transfer this unnatural genetic information to other bacteria and organisms. One place where this transfer occurs regularly is in the soil.
Studies of horizontal gene exchange in soil microcosms are important from several points of view. Firstly, the increasing interest in the possible spread of GMOs (genetically modified microorganisms) and antibiotic resistance traits has prompted researchers to study genetic interactions between bacteria in a number of different habitats. Secondly, horizontal gene transfer in soil may play a role in the evolution of new bacterial traits. (http://people.ibest.uidaho.edu/~etop/publications/Hill_Top98.pdf)
And what happens when GMO mutations are let loose on our farmland? Does the horizontal gene transfer issue miraculously disappear? The Monsantos of the world would have you think so. Think again. The laws of nature are not suspended just because Monsanto says so.
(click image to enlarge)
Once GMOs are unleashed in the environment, there is absolutely nothing to stop the natural occurrence of horizontal gene transfer to non-GMO organisms, especially considering GMOs’ increased tendency to do so. And what this process produces is anyone’s guess. There is a reason for the limits nature places on this type of thing, and we’ve long since past those limits.
So, we are faced with the ever-increasing genetic pollution of almost all organisms on planet earth from GMOs, and if that isn’t enough, the horizontal gene transfer process, which is spreading these mutations far and wide throughout a host of divergent species, is being helped along by the pollutants being released into our atmosphere by geo-engineering programs.
How is this possible?
…heat shock and pollutants such as
heavy metals can favor horizontal gene transfer; and the presence of antibiotics
can increase the frequency of horizontal gene transfer 10 to 10 000 fold.
What are the ingredients of the aerosols typically seen in geo-engineering programs? You guessed it – heavy metals such as barium.
…And just what are the conditions imposed by these geo-engineering programs? You guessed it again – abiotic stresses such as heat shock.
…And just what is abundantly used specifically for genetic engineering? Bacteria that carry antibiotic resistance genes. Therefore, more and stronger antibiotics are being used, which increases – you guessed it once again – horizontal gene transfer.
…And it just so happens that Monsanto has a patent (http://www.freepatentsonline.com/7851676.html) covering abiotic stress caused by these geo-engineering pollutants, which includes heat and drought, for everything from apples to zucchini.
Shall we continue adding more fuel to the already out of control fire? The biotechnology industry along with the U.S. government seems to think so.
Can you see where this is heading?
Monsanto’s genetic mutations are already susceptible to horizontal gene transfer. Combine this with geo-engineering aerosols, which facilitate this transfer ability, and you have the basic ingredients for what can be referred to as a genetic soup sandwich.
Frogs with five legs? Cows with no tails? We will be seeing more of them. We will also be seeing more unknown diseases, untreatable by traditional medical standards.
The acquisition of foreign DNA by horizontal transfer from unrelated organisms is a major source of variation leading to new strains of bacterial pathogens. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12406213)
Get ready, as we are in for one helluva ride, folks! Hold onto your DNA just as hard as you can by avoiding anything GMO, and spread the word. This is not something that can be ignored for long, as mutations, genetic disorders and abnormalities, as well as health issues can only increase with the rampant spread of transgenic organisms (GMOs), and humans are not exempt. It’s time to put up the stop sign at your own front door and just say NO to GMOs!
©2012 Barbara H. Peterson